New Year’s Eve is getting closer and closer, and just like kids looking for Christmas presents, we want to know what will come in the field of programming next year, especially which languages will be trendy among both engineers and IT companies. To figure it out, we conducted research based on reputable reports like PYPL index, Tiobe index, 2021 CodinGame annual survey as well as the results of a questionnaire held among our colleagues. Please, enjoy the list of top programming languages for 2022 that we came up with:

1. Python

As we mentioned earlier, Python has now become #1 popular programming language, jumping according to TIOBE and PYPL from 20th place back in 2001 to 1st place in 2021, and it will definitely hold this position the next year. Being a high-level, general-purpose programming language supporting many useful libraries and frameworks like Django, Flask, and Pyramid, Python is ideal for beginners and professionals. It has automatic garbage collection, easy integration with other languages, simple syntax, GUI Programming support and other enriching features. Moreover, it is highly compatible with trending technologies like AI & ML, which also piques developers’ interest on platforms like Stack Overflow and Github.

2. JavaScript (+TypeScript)

JavaScript holds the second position on our list, ranking under the top 10 programming languages for several years consistently. This year it even became the world’s #1 popular language among developers, being used at 95% of all websites, with such giants as Facebook, Google, Microsoft, Uber, etc. JavaScript works well with prominent frameworks like React and Vue, plus with the help of NodeJS framework it can be suited both for front-end and back-end development. The language is primarily known for adding elements on web pages but it has a wide range of applications for web, game, and mobile application development. We have also placed TypeScript here, as it is a strict syntactical superset of JavaScript, designed for the development of large applications for both client-side and server-side execution.

3. Java (+ Kotlin)

We often hear that this legendary object-oriented language is losing its positions, but in fact it still takes the 3rd place in this rank with almost 8 million Java developers around the world. Its principle “Write Once, Run Anywhere” has inspired many other programming languages, but Java still outperforms them in popularity, being used by top-notch companies as Adobe, Amazon, and Flipkart. Along with android development, it is widely used for web, desktop, and scientific applications. Popular Spring and Hibernate frameworks, enriching features like multithreading, automatic memory allocation, garbage collection, and platform independency makes Java a demanded language and provide you with a lot of worthwhile career opportunities. We also placed Kotlin here, as it is a statically composed language supporting object-oriented and functional programming features, which gives Java interoperability. It can be used for web and desktop development, but powerful Javalin, KTor, and Vertex frameworks made Kotlin the main language for Android applications development, and it’s widely used by companies like Pinterest, Uber, and Netflix.

4. PHP

According to RedMonk Ranking reports, the language is ranking at 4th position, higher than other prominent languages like C++, Go, etc. This server-side scripting language of open-source type proposes easy integration with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, cross-platform compatibility, and object-oriented programming features, which makes it ideal for web development. It’s easy to learn for beginners and has a bunch of helpful frameworks, namely Laravel, Symfony, and CodeIgniter. Nowadays companies like Facebook, Wikipedia, and WordPress rely heavily on PHP and regularly provide numerous career opportunities for PHP developers, so this language will definitely be in demand next year.

5. Ruby

Ruby, which was out of developers interest during the last decade, started to gain popularity 3 years ago and doesn’t seem to stop. Probably it’s happened due to its slight similarity to Python. Being an intricate item-arranged programming language, powerfully composed and deciphered, Ruby is a valuable programming tool for professionals. Coding in Ruby is 3-4 times faster in comparison with Java, it is cross-platform and compatible with numerous OS, which makes it a preferable choice for giants like Amazon, Airbnb and Github. It’s not only growing in popularity and community, according to Daxx.com this year it has become the highest paid programming language in the world.

6. Go

This language by Google is easy to compose like Python, more productive like C++, and can deal with the hardest computational issues. It is a statically composed and modernised variant of C with features like trash assortment, primary composing, dynamic-typing, type safety, high performance & efficiency, and CSP-style simultaneousness. In the last few years it has witnessed a considerable increase in its demand thanks to the need for legacy modernisation of systems which were heavily dependent on C. It is also used for distributed systems and cloud computing, having Kubernetes and Ethereum Cryptozoic Project depend on Go, as well as such giants like Uber and Google.

7. C#

C# (pronounced C Sharp) is a C-based object-oriented, general-purpose programming language that works best with Windows applications. Its extensive use in game and business server-side applications development made C# a demanded language in recent years according to TIOBE, and the interest towards it is only growing. Fast compilation, high scalability and interoperability, automatic garbage collection, and complete integration with .NET library allow to use C# for numerous complex programming tasks. This language is used in Unity game engine software by companies like Intellectsoft, Capgemini, etc., which signifies about a plenty of job opportunities for C# developers to appear in the market in 2022.

8. Swift

This open-source code has been in use since 2014, but witnessed a significant increase in developers’ interest lately due to its core function in the IOS platform, which now introduces new improvements for its applications. Its simple syntax, high scalability and performance together with superb integration with Objective-C and cross-device support makes Swift a desirable choice not only for developers, but also for well-known companies like FlappyBird, Mozilla Firefox and WordPress. But despite the fact that Swift can be used for Windows and Linux applications too, it still works best on native IOS development, and this aspect slows down its growth a bit.

9. R Language

It used to be quite an odd and out-of-the-way language for geeks, but thanks to its wide use in data science and data mining (second place after Python) this open-source language has recently started to hit the top of charts, jumping from 16th to 9th position in less than a year. It is utilized for complex factual examination and design programming, suitable for GNU/Linux and Windows, as well as data processing technologies like Hadoop & Spark. A huge set of libraries and frameworks, cross-platform compatibility, high graphics performance, distributed computing—these features make R interesting not only for developers, but also for big tech enterprises like Facebook, Google, and Uber, offering numerous job opportunities for R developers.

10. Dart

Dart is one of the fastest-growing but at the same time little-known languages in the industrial sphere. Developed by Google, Dart is similar to JavaScript, but much simpler, faster and user-friendly. Thanks to the Flutter framework, it is tailored for writing cross-platform applications, and on-the-go code compilation makes Dart an ideal language for mobile development. Moreover, its graphics written in C/C ++ has a steadily high performance, consistently delivering 60 frames per second, and on devices with the use of Flutter up to 120 frames per second. These features have already made Dart an adorable language among developers, having Flutter framework overtaken React Native in the frequency of use.

This is how our list of top 10 languages of 2022 looks like. Do you agree with the results? Probably, you didn’t find your favourites here, or found it in the wrong place? Which of these languages look obsolete or new to you? We’ll be happy to hear your opinion, so don’t hesitate to contact us here or on our social networks. Let’s fly together into the new year of technology!